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Object and scene recognition software work together to understand video content

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发表于 2016-6-24 05:42:30 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
本帖最后由 付彦伟DisneyRes 于 2016-6-24 05:44 编辑


PUBLIC RELEASE: 23-JUN-2016
Object and scene recognition software work together to understand video content
Computer can categorize even novel events, according to Disney and Fudan researchers
DISNEY RESEARCH

Researchers from Disney Research and Shanghai's Fudan University have used deep learning techniques to train computer software to
recognize events in videos, even categories of events that the software has not previously seen.

Their approach uses both scene and object features from the video and enables associations between these visual elements and each type
of event to be automatically determined and weighted by a machine-learning architecture known as a neural network.

Notably, this approach not only works better than other methods in recognizing events in videos, but is significantly better at identifying
events that that the computer program has never or rarely encountered previously, said Leonid Sigal, senior research scientist at Disney Research.
These events can include such things as riding a horse, baking cookies or eating at a restaurant.

"Automated techniques are essential for indexing, searching and analyzing the incredible amount of video being created and uploaded daily
to the Internet," said Jessica Hodgins, vice president at Disney Research. "With multiple hours of video being uploaded to YouTube every second,
there's no way to describe all of that content manually. And if we don't know what's in all those videos, we can't find things we need and much
of the videos' potential value is lost."

The researchers will present their method June 26 at the Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR 2016) conference in Las Vegas.
In addition to Sigal, the team includes Yanwei Fu, a post-doctoral researcher at Disney Research; Zuxuan Wu, a graduate student in
computer science at Fudan who conducted this research during his internship at Disney Research and Yu-Gang Jiang, a professor of
computer science at Fudan.

Understanding the content of a video, particularly user-generated video, is a difficult challenge for computer vision because video content
can vary so much. Even when the content - a particular concert, for instance - is the same, it can look very different depending on the
perspective from which it was shot and on lighting conditions.

Computer vision researchers have had some success using a deep learning approach involving Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) to
identify events when a large amount of labeled examples are available to train the computer model. But that method doesn't work if few
labeled examples are available to train the model, so scaling it up to include thousands, if not tens of thousands, of additional classes of
events would be difficult.

Wu said the team's approach enables the computer model to identify objects and scenes associated with each activity or event and figure out
how much weight to give each. "Eating sushi," for instance, might be associated with chopsticks, a restaurant setting, an indoor setting
and serving dishes.
"The model learns what is important for each event," he said.

When presented with an event that it has not previously encountered, the model can identify objects and scenes that it already has associated
with similar events to help it classify the new event, Sigal said. If it already is familiar with "eating pasta" and "eating rice," for instance, it might
reason that elements associated with one or the other - chopsticks, bowls, restaurant settings, etc., -- might be associated with "eating Soba
or Udon noodles."

This ability to extend its knowledge into events not previously seen, or for which labeled examples are limited, makes it possible to scale up the
model to include an ever-increasing number of event classes, he added.

###

For more information, visit the project web site at http://www.disneyresearch.com/ha ... -scenes-semantics/.



转自: http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2016-06/dr-oas062316.php


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