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20180919-29 张弘扬:New Paradigms and Global Optimality in Non-Convex Optimizati ...

2018-9-13 17:05| 发布者: 程一-计算所| 查看: 850| 评论: 0

摘要: 报告嘉宾:张弘扬(Carnegie Mellon University)报告时间:2018年09月19日(星期三)下午14:00(北京时间)报告题目:New Paradigms and Global Optimality in Non-Convex Optimization主持人:刘日升(大连理工) ...

报告嘉宾:张弘扬(Carnegie Mellon University

报告时间:2018年09月19日(星期三)下午14:00(北京时间)

报告题目:New Paradigms and Global Optimality in Non-Convex Optimization

主持人:刘日升(大连理工


报告人简介:

Hongyang Zhang is currently a fourth-year Ph.D. candidate in Machine Learning Department, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, USA. Before that, he graduated from Peking University in 2015. His research interests include machine learning, optimization, theoretical computer science, statistics, and their applications. He has published several papers in the top conferences/journals, including ICML, NIPS, COLT, ICALP, ITCS, IEEE TIT, Proceedings of the IEEE, etc. He co-authored a book entitled "Low-Rank Models in Visual Analysis" in 2017. He also serves as program committee members and reviewers for various top conferences/journals, such as STOC, COLT, ICML, NIPS, AISTATS, ICLR, AAAI, IJCAI, ISIT, JMLR, TPAMI, Proceedings of the IEEE, IEEE TSP, and many others.

个人主页:

http://www.cs.cmu.edu/~hongyanz/


报告摘要:

Non-convex optimization is ubiquitous in various areas, ranging from machine learning, signal processing, to statistics and theoretical computer science. Though non-convex optimization typically enjoys better sample complexity guarantees compared with its convex counterpart, it usually suffers from computational issues: local searching algorithms, such as gradient descent or stochastic gradient descent, only converge to the saddle points or the local minima, rather than the global optimality that we desire. There are three main approaches to address the issues: 1. having a good initialization; 2. carefully solving a sequence of convex problems; 3. studying the nice properties of loss landscape, such as strong duality or ``local minima = global minima''.

In this talk, we will focus on the latter two approaches, which are new paradigms of global optimality in the non-convex optimization. In the first part of the talk, we will see how we can get arbitrarily close to the global optimality of non-convex problems for learning of halfspaces and 1-bit compressed sensing. Via the localization technique, we solve the expected 0-1 loss minimization problem by solving a sequence of convex problems. We also supplement our positive results with a hardness result, showing that any one-shot minimization does not work in this setting.

In the second part of the talk, we study the strong duality of matrix factorization problem. Strong duality is well-studied for the convex optimization, but little was known about the non-convex community. We show that strong duality holds for the matrix completion and its related problems with nearly optimal sample complexity. For the hardness result, we also show that generic matrix factorization requires at least 2^n time to be solved, where n is the size of matrix.


参考文献:

[1] Learning and 1-bit Compressed Sensing under Asymmetric Noise, Pranjal Awasthi, Maria-Florina Balcan, Nika Haghtalab, Hongyang Zhang (α-β order), COLT 2016.

http://www.cs.cmu.edu/~hongyanz/publications/COLT_Learning.pdf.

[2] Matrix Completion and Related Problems via Strong Duality, Maria-Florina Balcan, Yingyu Liang, David P. Woodruff, Hongyang Zhang (α-β order), ITCS 2018.

http://www.cs.cmu.edu/~hongyanz/publications/ITCS_Matrix.pdf


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特别鸣谢本次Webinar主要组织者:

VOOC责任委员:刘日升(大连理工)


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